Nutritional Immunology

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is a leading cause of death among women internationally. Its incidence in Asia is rapidly rising with Singapore having one of the highest incidences. It is well established that early detection and early treatment lead to improved survival.

Warning signs:

  • Lumps in the breast
  • Bloody or unusual nipple discharge
  • Recent history of nipple retraction
  • Dimpling or puckering of skin overlying the breast
  • Itchy rash of the nipple
  • Breast pain

Who are at risk?

  • Risk increases with age
  • Family history of breast cancer
  • Family history of ovarian cancer
  • Early onset of menstruation and late menopause
  • Those on hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Those on birth control pills
  • Alcohol abuse

What can you do?

  • Breast self-examination (monthly)
  • Screening mammograms (age 40 and above)
  • Limit alcohol intake to less than one drink a day or avoid completely
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Avoid ling-term hormone therapy
  • A balanced diet with plenty phytochemicals, antioxidants and polysaccharides

Source of information: National University Cancer Institute, Singapore

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    5 Responses to “Breast Cancer”

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